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Judah may refer to:

Historical ethnic, political and geographic terms[edit]

The name was passed on, successively, from the biblical figure of Judah, to the Israelite tribe; its territorial allotment and the Israelite kingdom emerging from it, with the topographical features within it (mountains, desert, lowlands); the Babylonian province; the Jews populating it; the Persian, Hellenistic and Roman provinces until 135 CE, including the names of the variably autonomous Hasmonean and Herodian kingdoms.
In chronological order:

  • Tribe of Judah, one of the twelve Tribes of Israel whose members regarded Judah, the son of Jacob, as their eponymous ancestor
  • Judea (Judah), the ancient Hebrew and Israelite Biblical, then exonymic Roman/English, and now modern-day name of the mountainous southern part of Canaan-Israel
  • Kingdom of Judah, an Iron Age kingdom of the Southern Levant
  • Yehud (Babylonian province) (c. 585/6 – c. 539 BCE), province of the Neo-Babylonian Empire since the suppression of the Judean rebellion
  • Yehud (Persian province) (c. 539 – 332 BCE), a province of the Persian Achaemenid Empire
  • Judaea, a province of the Macedonian empire of Alexander the Great from 332 BCE onwards and of successive Hellenistic empires after that
  • Jews, an ethnoreligious group and nation emerging after the Babylonian Exile and originating from the Israelites, or Hebrews, of the Ancient Near East; derived from Hebrew "Yehudi" יהודי (literally, "Judean")
  • Hasmonean Kingdom of Judea (c. 140–37 BCE)
  • Judaea, part of the territories conquered by Ancient Rome from 63 BCE onwards (the Republic and then the Empire)
  • Herodian Kingdom of Judea (37–4 BCE; 53–? CE), Roman client state ruled by Herod the Great and to a lesser degree by his descendant, Herod Agrippa II
  • Judea (Roman province) (6–135 CE) incorporated the regions of Judea, Samaria and Idumea, and extended over parts of the former regions of the Hasmonean and Herodian kingdoms

Other places in Israel/Palestine[edit]

  • Ben Yehuda Street (Jerusalem), a major street in downtown Jerusalem
  • Judaean Desert, the semiarid "wilderness" east of Jerusalem that descends to the Dead Sea
  • Judaean Mountains, a mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located
  • Judea and Samaria, the Israeli government term for the territory generally referred to as the West Bank, but excluding East Jerusalem
  • Or Yehuda, a city in the Tel Aviv District of Israel
  • State of Judea, a proposed halachic state in the West Bank put forward by Israeli Jewish settlers

Places elsewhere[edit]

  • Judah, Indiana, a small town in the United States
  • N Judah, a light trail line running on Judah Street (named after Theodore Judah) in San Francisco




Related names[edit]