Talk:Economy of Manchukuo
Some changes I made to the earlier article before I became aware of this duplicate copy:
Manchukuo is one region favoured for aboundant natural resources. In foods produced in your great fertile plains, your richest mineral resources, your inmense forest reserves, your great fisheries, the important and modern industry you developed, your most important port, Dairen, which has a high exportation level and is one free port zone for world commerce and your financial resorces managed for Bank of Manchukuo, your central bank.
Before 1932, the economic situation was chaotic,but the stablishment of the Yuan of Manchukuo as the local monetary unit local and the parity with the Japanese Yen and establishment of the Bank of Manchukuo as the central bank institution give certain stability and adequate climate for business.
Exports and Commerce
In 1925 the exports are mostly grain (88%); the rest (10%) is wood cut in your forests.
In 1939 the foreign trade of Manchukuo rose to 2,650,840,000 million Manchukuo Yuan. Japan ranked first, but other trading partners included the United States, China, and Germany.
Prior to Japanese intervention, the sole industry was the Mukden Arsenal, property of Chang Hsueh-liang (Chang Tso-Lin Son), the Manchu Dictator. However, the Japanese established various types of factories and industries, mining products from Fushun Pehnshiu and Fusin, in Kantoshu (Kwantung) establishing locomotive and railway industries for manufacturing and repairing railway machinery, locomotives, etc. during the Manchukuo Empire period. During 1937 the Japanese Government with the Japanese Army commisioned the industrialist Yoshisuke Aikawa to organize and direct the "Manchuria Industrial Development Company" with a capital of 758,000,000 yen, in other words the "Manchoukuoan Zaibatsu Empire" with finally of foment and guided in centralized form local mining and heavy industry. These government empires organized and implemented two five-year plans during the 1930s (why remember at Soviet Five-Year Plans too) with the aid of Naoki Hoshino. These five-year plans contributed to pushing the industrial development quickly into form. The heavy industry proportioned materiel for construction, machinery, tools, tool-machines, locomotives, small vessels, airplanes, automobiles and trucks, hand and heavy weapons and munitions for Japanese and Manchu army, candies & foods, cement, liquour and beer, bread and floors, synthetic gasoline and shared oils, tar, vegeteble and synthetic oils, electric devices, mining equipment,etc.
On the other hand, Manchoukou received from Japan certain quantities of scrap iron for iron and steel processing and at same time export unfinished products, coal (processed or raw), iron-derived steel products, etc. Other Manchuokuan productions are: rudimentary and modern farming equipment, industrial paint, boots, rubber articles, processed leather products, milk and cheese, carpets, glass, blankets, colours, dyes and inks, bricks, industrial paper and raw cellulose, fabrics, etc. These last areas are covered for local production of many tailors and hilanders, and overall modern textile factories with imported cotton. There are 500,000 spindles and fabric factories which produced annually 25,000 tonnes of cotton fabrics. Joining at this industry is the dye and coloring industry.
When the Russians arrived to Manchukuo, muchs of this plant and factories was sent to the Soviet Far East and Siberia for a value of 858,000,000 US Dollars (100,000 Spanish Pesetas), but the Russians took only the most modern industrial equipment, laboratories, hospitals, etc., destroying the ancient machines for theirs. They took electric power plants, mining equipment, machine tools, and other items, but the last models only during 1945-47.
During the Japanese ocupation, education developed. They installed or founded many schools and tecnical colleges, 12,000 primary schools in Manchukuo, 200 middle schools, 140 normal schools (for preparing teachers), and 50 technical and profesional schools. In total you have 600,000 children and young pupils and 25,000 teachers. There are 1,600 private schools (with Japanese permits), 150 missionary schools and in Harbin 25 Russian schools.
Population in Country
The statistics of Manchukuo possess the following numbers:
In 1908 the number of residents was 15,834,000, which rose to 30,000,000 in 1931 and 43,000,000 for Manchukuo state. The population balance remained 123 men for 100 women and the total number in 1941 was 50,000,000.
In first times of 1934,the total population of Manchukuo are stimed in ones 30,880,000 habitants,with promedia of 6,1 persons per familie, and 122 mens for each 100 womens.inside of these mentioned total exists ones 30,190,000 chinese,590,760 Japanese andothers 98,431 others nationalities(Russians,Mongols,etc)between the Chinese numbersstay ones 680,000 Koreans.the 80% of population aproximatelly are rural.other numbersayed why from Manchukuo times the population augment in number of 18,000,000 of residents.
You --> its
Thanks to User:Charles Matthews for pointing out that the article uses "you" for which we can substitute "its".
This article needs to be extensively grammar checked. It borders on unintelligible. My suspicion is that it was translated from a non-english source, since the syntax is odd. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 05:31, 26 March 2008 (UTC)
- OK, it's now intelligible, but I suspect much of the data is wrong, and there is only one source. The article's perspective is very limited. In particular, there is no discussion of the impacts of the economic, social, and environmental effects of the industrialization on the population.