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Details of Tovata
Paramount Title of Tovata
The Tovata Confederacy, (unlike the Kubuna and Burebasaga confederacies) is a recent invention. It was conceived in 14 February 1867 by Ma’afu as cited in the Na Mata as follows:
A tauyavutaka na turaga ni Toga o Ma'afu ena nona via vakacokovatataka na vanua era vakarorogo vua, ena veirogorogoci kei ira na turaga ni vanua o Bua, Macuata, Cakaudrove kei Lau.
The key word here is "veirogorogoci" which denotes "listening to each other". In other words, this confederacy's membership are equal in rank which is why during traditional oratures and discourses, it is referred to as "Matanitu Veiwekani. Seen another way, this is Fiji's equivalent of a United Nations of sorts, where each chief is of equal ranking with other chiefs in the Tovata jurisdiction.
Kubuna and Burebasaga confederacies, on the other hand have layers upon layers of chief, vassal warlord, chieftain and ranks within ranks, underscoring its long alliances and relationships in-built into it. Tovata is not like that. It is more even and democratic in structure. It was conceived by Ma’afu and headed by the British consul in Levuka as its prime minister.
There is no paramount chief in the Tovata Confederacy. However, the chiefly title of Tui Cakau is regarded as the most senior in the Tovata Confederacy, and the third most senior in the country.
Notable Fijians of Tovata
Although the smallest of the three confederacies, Tovata has been the most politically influential. Ratu Sir Lala Sukuna, considered the father of modern Fiji, was from Tovata, as were Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, Fiji's longtime first prime minister and second president; Ratu Sir Penaia Ganilau, the first president of Fiji. In addition, Sitiveni Rabuka, former prime minister, and Laisenia Qarase, the recently removed prime minister, are also from Tovata. Political and youth activist Roko Jonetani (a.k.a. Pita) Waqavonovono is also from Tovata. Other notable leaders are Tui Cakau Ratu Naiqama Lalabalavu and Ratu Epeli Ganilau, both of whom have been politically active.
- Broken Waves: A History of the Fiji Islands in the Twentieth Century - Page 233, by Brij V. Lal - 1992, Reference to Tovata as a Confederacy
- Australia's Arc of Instability: The Political and Cultural Dynamics of Regional Security - Page 251 - 258, by Dennis Rumley, Vivian Louis Forbes, Christopher Griffin - 2006, reference Tovata as a confederacy and how it was formed
- Tovata I & II By AC Reid, Printed in Fiji by Oceania printers Fiji (1990)
- Sources: Maori News (Fiji Supplement); Tui Cakau
- Nakorotubu District - origin of the 1st Vunivalu of Kubuna.