^Johns, Paul (2014). "Development of the brain". Clinical Neuroscience. Elsevier. pp. 19–26. doi:10.1016/b978-0-443-10321-6.00002-3. ISBN978-0-443-10321-6. The choroid plexuses are highly vascular structures that project into each of the ventricles and continuously produce cerebrospinal fluid by active secretion from the blood. CSF escapes from the fourth ventricle (to the subarachnoid space) via three openings: the single median aperture and the two lateral apertures. It is ultimately reabsorbed into the venous system via the arachnoid granulations which run along the superior aspect of the cerebral hemispheres ... correspond to the arachnoid villi, finger-like projections into a large venous channel called the superior sagittal sinus.
^Singhal, Vasudha; Prabhakar, Hemanshu (2016). "Hydrocephalus". Complications in Neuroanesthesia. Elsevier. pp. 21–27. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-804075-1.00003-1. ISBN978-0-12-804075-1. CSF is produced by the choroid plexuses of the lateral, third, and fourth ventricle. The production of CSF is not pressure regulated, and it continues to be produced even if the reabsorption mechanisms are obstructed. The circulation of CSF is as follows: Lateral ventricle → interventricular foramen of Monroe → third ventricle → aqueduct of sylvius → fourth ventricle → foramen of Magendie (median aperture)/foramen of Luschka (lateral aperture) → subarachnoid space.
^Ciolkowski M.; Sharifi M.; Tarka S.; Ciszek B. (2011). "Median aperture of the fourth ventricle revisited". Folia Morphol. 70 (2): 84–90. PMID21630228.